Specific Cytokines of Interleukin-6 Family Interact with S100 Proteins

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Cytokines of interleukin-6 (IL-6) family are important signaling proteins involved in various physiological and pathological processes. Earlier, we described interactions between IL-11 and S100P/B proteins from the family of S100 proteins engaged in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases. We probed here interactions between seven IL-6 family cytokines (IL-6, IL-11, OSM, LIF, CNTF, CT-1, and CLCF1) and fourteen S100 proteins (S100A1/A4/A6/A7/A8/A9/A10/A11/A12/A13/A14/A15/B/P). Surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy revealed formation of calcium-dependent complexes between IL-11, OSM, CNTF, CT-1, and CLCF1 and distinct subsets of S100A1/A6/B/P proteins with equilibrium dissociation constants of 19 nM – 12 µM. The existence of a network of interactions between Ca2+-loaded S100 proteins and IL-6 family cytokines suggest regulation of these cytokines by the extracellular forms of S100 proteins.

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Cell Calcium, v. 101, art. 102520