Since the end of the Cold War, Africa has witnessed a flourishing of diverse forms of external intervention and interference, including humanitarian intervention and the responsibility to protect (RtoP) missions. Indeed, interventions have become a structural characteristic of today’s global politics as have the various challenges associated with these interventions. In spite of the pitfalls, Africa will likely witness more interventions. As evidence has shown from Libya, Mali, Cote d’Ivoire, as well as in other ongoing cases, highlights, RtoP interventions remain entangled between solving the problems of those conceptualized as beneficiaries and those conceptualized as targets. While there is a need to rethink the application of the RtoP, in general, it is imperative we reconsider what occurs during encounters between interveners and those intervened upon. Determining the success or failure of RtoP will remains partial until intervening nations take into account the role of local dynamics and varying cultural contexts, which inform social action, as well as the power relations between interveners and those intervened upon.
Erameh, Nicholas I.
"The Practice, Pitfalls, and Prospects of the Responsibility to Protect in Africa,"
Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal:
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usf.edu/gsp/vol13/iss2/8
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