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After Iran's strike against Israel on April 13th, the intensifying rivalry between Iran and Israel has escalated into a new stage of direct confrontation, marked by significant military engagements with profound implications for regional stability and global security. This paper explores the shift from proxy conflicts to direct actions, including Iran's missile and drone assaults and Israel's retaliatory strikes. It examines the redefined engagement rules, the ensuing arms race, and the transformation of international relations, particularly involving major powers like Russia and China. Additionally, it highlights the potential impacts on the United States, including risks to troops and the likelihood of a broader conflict, as well as the possibility of a nuclear arms race in the Middle East. The paper concludes with policy recommendations to navigate the complexities of this evolving geopolitical landscape.

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Iran, Israel, Middle East, United States, April 13, April 18, Israel Defense Forces (IDF), Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC)


Iran-Israel Conflict: A New Stage Emerges