Conformational Behavior and Aggregation of α-synuclein in Organic Solvents: Modeling The Effects of Membranes†
Alcohols, Conformation, Membranes, Peptides and Proteins, Solvents
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Intracellular proteinaceous inclusions (Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites) of α-synuclein are pathological hallmarks of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and multiple systemic atrophy. The molecular mechanisms underlying the aggregation of α-synuclein into such filamentous inclusions remain unknown, although many factors have been implicated, including interactions with lipid membranes. To model the effects of membrane fields on α-synuclein, we analyzed the structural and fibrillation properties of this protein in mixtures of water with simple and fluorinated alcohols. All solvents that were studied induced folding of α-synuclein, with the common first stage being formation of a partially folded intermediate with an enhanced propensity to fibrillate. Protein fibrillation was completely inhibited due to formation of β-structure-enriched oligomers with high concentrations of methanol, ethanol, and propanol and moderate concentrations of trifluoroethanol (TFE), or because of the appearance of a highly α-helical conformation at high TFE and hexafluoro-2-propanol concentrations. At least to some extent, these conformational effects mimic those observed in the presence of phospholipid vesicles, and can explain some of the observed effects of membranes on α-synuclein fibrillation.
Was this content written or created while at USF?
Citation / Publisher Attribution
Biochemistry, v. 42, issue 9, p. 2720-2730
Scholar Commons Citation
Munishkina, Larissa A.; Phelann, Cassandra; Uversky, Vladimir N.; and Fink, Anthony L., "Conformational Behavior and Aggregation of α-synuclein in Organic Solvents: Modeling The Effects of Membranes†" (2003). Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications. 702.