University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing


Entrepreneurship is a scarce factor of production in the economy like labor and capital; it is a business area which is culture and finance related. Turkey is an average country in the entrepreneurship world league. This negative situation in terms of entrepreneurship also continues in terms of innovation and innovative entrepreneurship. Although Turkey is counted among the world's GDP in the rich, in terms of the capacity to innovate is among the poorest. This paper discusses how Turkey can change this "reverse fortune" through developing an internal innovation culture and opening this culture to the outside world. Naturally, the ongoing Turkish industrialization policy should focus on innovation and use the "EU anchor" to transfer innovations to the industrial sector.



Recommended Citation

Kalayci, I., Aytekin, B., & Soylu, A. (2021). Innovative entrepreneurship in Turkey: Micro and macro perspectives. In C. Cobanoglu, & V. Della Corte (Eds.), Advances in global services and retail management (pp. 1–8). USF M3 Publishing. https://www.doi.org/10.5038/9781955833035

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.