collagen, cell adhesion, nordihydroguaiaretic acid, tendon replacement, orthopedic tissue engineering
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Fixation is required to reinforce reconstituted collagen for orthopedic bioprostheses such as tendon or ligament replacements. Previous studies have demonstrated that collagen fibers cross-linked by the biocompatible dicatechol nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) have mechanical strength comparable to native tendons. This work focuses on investigating fibroblast behavior on fibrillar and NDGA cross-linked type I collagen to determine if NDGA modulates cell adhesion, morphology, and migration. A spinning disk device that applies a range of hydrodynamic forces under uniform chemical conditions was employed to sensitively quantify cell adhesion strength, and a radial barrier removal assay was used to measure cell migration on films suitable for these quantitative in vitro assays. The compaction of collagen films, mediated by the drying and cross-linking fabrication process, suggests a less open organization compared to native fibrillar collagen that likely allowed the collagen to form more inter-chain bonds and chemical links with NDGA polymers. Fibroblasts strongly adhered to and migrated on native and NDGA cross-linked fibrillar collagen; however, NDGA modestly reduced cell spreading, adhesion strength and migration rate. Thus, it is hypothesized that NDGA cross-linking masked some adhesion receptor binding sites either physically, chemically, or both, thereby modulating adhesion and migration. This alteration in the cell-material interface is considered a minimal trade-off for the superior mechanical and compatibility properties of NDGA cross-linked collagen compared to other fixation approaches.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
AIMS Bioengineering, v. 4, issue 2, p. 300-317
Scholar Commons Citation
Rioja, Ana Y.; Muniz-Maisonet, Maritza; Koob, Thomas J.; and Gallant, Nathan D., "Effect of Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid Cross-linking on Fibrillar Collagen: in Vitro Evaluation of Fibroblast Adhesion Strength and Migration" (2017). Chemical, Biological and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications. 9.