Triazole-Imidazole (TA-IM) Derivatives as Ultrafast Fluorescent Probes for Selective Ag+ Detection

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1,2,3-Triazole-imidazole derivatives (TA-IM) were prepared as fluorescent probes for silver ion detection. The design principle is the incorporation of an intramolecular H-bond between the imidazole and triazole moiety that enables a co-planar conformation to achieve fluorescence emission in the UV-blue range. Screening of different metal ions revealed excellent binding affinity of this new class of compounds toward silver ions in aqueous solution. The novel probe provided ultrafast detection (<30 s) even for a very low concentration of silver ions (in the nM range) with good linear correlation, making it a practical sensor for detection of silver ions.

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Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, v. 16, p. 7801-7805