Understanding the Effects of Coordination and Self-Assembly on an Emissive Phenothiazine
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
The local environment surrounding luminophores can significantly influence their photophysical properties. Herein, we report the self-assembly of a highly emissive platinum(II)-based metallacage. In order to accommodate the connectivity of the platinum(II) building block used in the self-assembly process, the luminophore-containing building block adopts a highly twisted geometry relative to its free form, leading to the emergence of an emissive transition with a radiative rate constant an order of magnitude higher than that of the free luminophore. This increased rate constant is the primary driver for the 10-fold increase in quantum yield from 4.2% to 40%. Model complexes with platinum or methyl groups bound to the nitrogen were synthesized. These complexes had lower quantum yields (10% and non-emissive, respectively) due mainly to decreases in radiative rate constants. Computational studies were conducted and indicated that the excited state of the ensembles, as well as the model complexes, is a result of charge transfer to the pyridyl groups, in contrast to the free luminophore, which involves the diphenyl sulfone moiety. The differences in quantum yields can be explained by a twist in the chromophore upon coordination of platinum or methylation on the pyridyl group, leading to intersystem crossing to a triplet state. This state then becomes more emissive with the addition of platinum, which increases the radiative rate constant via the heavy atom effect. The formation of a metallacage also decreases the non-radiative rate constant by inhibiting the intramolecular motions of the incorporated luminophore.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Journal of the American Chemical Society, v. 141, issue 8, p. 3717-3722
Scholar Commons Citation
Zhou, Zhixuan; Hauke, Cory E.; Song, Bo; Li, Xiaopeng; Stang, Peter J.; and Cook, Timothy R., "Understanding the Effects of Coordination and Self-Assembly on an Emissive Phenothiazine" (2019). Chemistry Faculty Publications. 167.