Self-Assembled Fluorescent Pt(II) Metallacycles as Artificial Light-Harvesting Systems

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Light-harvesting is one of the key steps in photosynthesis, but developing artificial light-harvesting systems (LHSs) with high energy transfer efficiencies has been a challenging task. Here we report fluorescent hexagonal Pt(II) metallacycles as a new platform to fabricate artificial LHSs. The metallacycles (4 and 5) are easily accessible by coordination-driven self-assembly of a triphenylamine-based ditopic ligand 1 with di-platinum acceptors 2 and 3, respectively. They possess good fluorescence properties both in solution and in the solid state. Notably, the metallacycles show aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) characteristics in a DMSO–H2O solvent system. In the presence of the fluorescent dye Eosin Y (ESY), the emission intensities of the metallacycles decrease but the emission intensity of ESY increases. The absorption spectrum of ESY and the emission spectra of the metallacycles show a considerable overlap, suggesting the possibility of energy transfer from the metallacycles to ESY, with an energy transfer efficiency as high as 65% in the 4a+ESY system.

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Journal of the American Chemical Society, v. 141, issue 37, p. 14565-14569