Self-heating apparatus and method of customizing a time-temperature profile thereof

Aydin K. Sunol
Sermin G. Sunol
Emilee Chassanne Bannister
Pamela Alvarez Moreno
Kyle Louis Cogswell


Self-heating apparatus and methodology for customizing a time-temperature profile thereof. The layered apparatus includes at least a layer of phase change material and a layer of air- or oxygen-activated material. When the air- or oxygen-activated material is activated, heat is released rapidly and is absorbed by the phase change material. The phase change material then releases the absorbed heat over a long period of time. Time-temperature profiles can be adjusted based on type, amount, and configuration of phase change and air-activated materials used. The apparatus and methodology allows rapid heat-up of times of a few minutes and lasts several hours at near constant tunable temperatures.