Lubricant Use Among Men Who Have Sex with Men Reporting Receptive Anal Intercourse in Peru: Implications for Rectal Microbicides as an HIV Prevention Strategy

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HIV prevention, lubricant, MSM, rectal microbicides, South America

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This study assessed lubricant use during receptive anal intercourse (RAI) among Peruvian men who have sex with men (MSM) and willingness to use a hypothetical rectal microbicide (RM) formulated as a lubricant to prevent HIV infection. Data were collected from 843 Peruvian MSM for the 2008 HIV Sentinel Surveillance using a computerized self-interview. Half of the participants reported using a lubricant with their last sex partner during RAI, while 77% were willing to use a lubricant to prevent HIV transmission. Lubricant use with last sex partner was significantly associated with unprotected RAI (odds ratio [OR] 1.59, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23, 2.05; P < 0.001) and willingness to use a future lubricant RM (OR 1.56, 95% CI: 1.24, 1.95; P < 0.001). This study provides information on the behaviours associated with lubricant use and non-use among MSM practicing RAI in Peru that should inform future RM studies in Peru and other Latin American countries.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

International Journal of STD and AIDS, v. 21, issue 8, p. 567-572