Rectal Douching Prevalence and Practices Among Peruvian Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transwomen: Implications for Rectal Microbicides

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enema, HIV, microbicide, MSM, rectal douche, transwomen

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Peruvian men who have sex with men (MSM) and transwomen (TW) could benefit from a rectal microbicide (RM) formulated as a rectal douche to prevent HIV infection. However, little is known about rectal douching practices among Peruvian MSM and TW, information necessary to inform RM douche development and future uptake. Using a self-administered interview, we examined the prevalence of and factors associated with rectal douching among a convenience sample of 415 Peruvian MSM and 68 TW. In the previous 6�months, 18�% of participants reported rectal douching using pre-filled commercial kits or plastic bottles or enema bags filled with water, water/soap or saltwater. Multivariate logistic analysis found that “equally insertive and receptive” or “exclusively/mainly receptive” sex roles were associated with douche use. Rectal douching among Peruvian MSM and TW is similar to reports from other studies and supports the potential uptake of a douche-formulated RM in these populations.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

AIDS and Behavior, v. 20, issue 11, p. 2555-2564