Trafficking in Kazakhstan

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4Trafficking in Kazakhstan is a complex phenomenon. There are a variety of primary actors in the drug-trafficking and human-trafficking/smuggling organizations, who rely on a diverse array of methods to move their products. Undergirding these trafficking markets is governmental complicity and support, which is perpetuated by deep levels of corruption. Endemic corrupt behavior, in turn, has been reinforced by clan politics and an economy built on patron-client relationships. These drawbacks have hindered any real attempts by the Kazakh government to combat trafficking in the region.

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Trafficking in Kazakhstan, Fort Leavenworth Foreign Military Studies Office University Research Collaboration, 14 p.