AIDS-Relevant Condom Use by Gay and Bisexual Men: The Role of Person Variables and the Interpersonal Situation

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selected person & interpersonal-situational variables, AIDS-related condom use during receptive vs insertive anal intercourse, 16–72 yr old gay & bisexual males


Examined the relative ability of selected person variables (interpersonal self-efficacy, self-control, attitudes about the effect of condoms on sex, normative beliefs) and interpersonal-situational variables (partner preference [PF], partner serostatus [SR]) to explain gay and bisexual men's (N = 267, 16–72 yrs old) condom use (CU) during insertive and receptive intercourse. Partner PF accounted for a large variance in CU by itself and after controlling for the other variables' effects. Exploratory hierarchical regression analyses suggested that the receptive partner's PF influenced CU decisions more than did the insertive partner's. Partner SR alone explained little variance in CU. However, partner SR interacted with S SR such that dyads with concordance SR used condoms the least, and dyads with discordant SR used condoms the most. Results suggest that the interpersonal situation plays a major role in CU decisions.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

AIDS Education and Prevention, v. 8, issue 5, p. 430-443