A Comparative Study of Perceived Job Stressor Sources and Job Strain in American and Iranian Managers Authors

Document Type


Publication Date


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)



Samples of Iranian and US managers were compared on four sources of job pressure (constraints, managerial role/tasks, home/work, and nonwork support), five strains (job dissatisfaction, mental strain, physical strain, intention of quitting the job, and absence), and work locus of control. As expected Iranian managers were more external and were higher on pressure and on all five job strains. Americans showed higher intercorrelations among strains except for absence, whereas Iranians had higher correlations among sources of pressure. Relations between pressure and job strains were similar across both samples, and in both samples internal locus of control was associated with lower strain. Although marital status was not associated with job stressors and strains among Americans, it showed strong relations among Iranians.

Was this content written or created while at USF?


Citation / Publisher Attribution

Applied Psychology, v. 51, issue 3, p. 446-457