Do National Levels of Individualism and Internal Locus of Control Relate to Well-Being: An Ecological Level International Study
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Data were collected from managers in 24 nations/territories on work locus of control (LOC), individualism–collectivism (I–C), and well‐being (job satisfaction, absence of psychological strain, and absence of physical strain). There were significant mean differences across samples on all five of these measures, and consistent with our hypothesis, at the ecological or sample mean level well‐being was associated with an internal locus of control. However, contrary to our hypothesis, well‐being was not associated with I–C, despite a strong correlation between I–C and LOC. Findings at the ecological level were consistent with the literature concerning the salutary effects of control on well‐being.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Journal of Organizational Behavior, v. 22, issue 8, p. 815-832
Scholar Commons Citation
Spector, Paul E.; Cooper, Cary L.; Sanchez, Juan I.; O'Driscoll, Michael; Sparks, Kate; Bernin, Peggy; Büssing, Andre; Dewe, Phil; Hart, Peter; Lu, Luo; Miller, Karen; Renault de Moraes, Lucio; Ostrognay, Gabrielle M.; Pagon, Milan; Pitariu, Horea; Poelmans, Steven; Radhakrishnan, Phani; Russinova, Vesselina; Salamatov, Vladimir; Salgado, Juan; Shima, Satoru; Siu, Oi L.; Stora, Jean B.; Teichmann, Maire; Theorell, Töres; Vlerick, Peter; Westman, Mina; Widerszal-Bazyl, Maria; Wong, Paul; and Yu, Shanfa, "Do National Levels of Individualism and Internal Locus of Control Relate to Well-Being: An Ecological Level International Study" (2001). Psychology Faculty Publications. 683.