Quantitative Self-Report Methods in Occupational Health Psychology Research

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Book Chapter

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Self-report is the dominant method of data collection for research in occupational health psychology (OHP), as it is for many domains of psychology. With self-reports, the subjects of a study provide data about themselves and their experiences. Such reports can be qualitative (e.g., relating details of a stressful incident at work, Keenan & Newton, 1985) or they can be quantitative in which subjects make ratings of items along a continuum to refl ect their standing on one or more theoretical constructs. Th e quantifi cation of variables by subjects themselves, which can be done cheaply and easily, allows for the use of a large variety of inferential statistics to assess simple and complex relationships. Since most studies are concerned with establishing relationships among variables, the quantitative self-report study has become the method of choice for many, if not most, OHP researchers.

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Quantitative Self-Report Methods in Occupational Health Psychology Research, in R. R. Sinclair, M. Wang & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.), Research Methods in Occupational Health Psychology, Taylor & Francis Group, p. 248-267