On the Relationship Between Memory and Perception: Sequential Dependencies in Recognition Testing

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absolute identification, assimilation, judgments of frequency, recognition, sequential dependencies, memory, perception

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Many models of recognition are derived from models originally applied to perception tasks, which assume that decisions from trial to trial are independent. While the independence assumption is violated for many perception tasks, we present the results of several experiments intended to relate memory and perception by exploring sequential dependencies in recognition. The findings from these experiments disconfirm the independence assumption for recognition memory. In addition, the pattern of sequential dependencies observed in recognition differs from that observed for many perception tasks. This suggests that sequential dependencies arise from mnemonic or perceptual processes and not from decision processes that should be common to memory and perception tasks.

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Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, v. 141, issue 2, p. 233-259