From Self-awareness to Shame-proneness: Evidence of Causal Sequence Among Women
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
This article reports an experimental study designed to test the hypothesis that self-awareness plays a causal role in the experience of shame but not guilt. The effects of a self-focus manipulation on shame and guilt proneness were assessed by having male and female participants complete an internal vs. external focus of attention writing task and then complete the Test for Self-conscious Affect. Results indicated that heightened self-focus increased shame proneness but not guilt proneness for women but did not have parallel effects for men. Implications of these results for understanding self-conscious emotions are briefly discussed.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Self and Identity, v. 3, issue 1, p. 27-37
Scholar Commons Citation
Arndt, Jamie and Goldenberg, Jamie L., "From Self-awareness to Shame-proneness: Evidence of Causal Sequence Among Women" (2004). Psychology Faculty Publications. 1517.