acoustics, snapping shrimp, fish chorusing, ambient noise, harmful algal bloom, Karenia brevis
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Although harmful algal blooms (HABs) are known to cause morbidity and mortality in marine organisms, their sublethal effects are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to compare ambient noise levels during a severe HAB event in Tampa Bay, Florida, to those during non-HAB periods. Passive acoustic monitoring was conducted using bottom-mounted autonomous acoustic recorders during a severe HAB in summer 2005, and in summers 2006, 2011 and 2012 (non-severe HAB years). Ambient noise levels were significantly higher during the non-HAB years due to an abundance of snapping shrimp (Alpheidae) sounds and fish chorusing. The difference of sound intensity between the study years is most likely attributable to effects of the HAB on the abundance and/or behaviour of fish and snapping shrimp as a result of mortality and stress-induced behavioural modifications.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Royal Society Open Science, v. 2, issue 9, art. 150337
Scholar Commons Citation
Indeck, Katherine L.; Simard, Peter; Gowans, Shannon; Lowerre-Barbieri, Susan; and Mann, David A., "A Severe Red Tide (Tampa Bay, 2005) Causes an Anomalous Decrease in Biological Sound" (2015). Marine Science Faculty Publications. 2547.