Marine Science Faculty Publications

Potential Economic Benefits from Efficient Harvest of New England Groundfish

Document Type


Publication Date


Digital Object Identifier (DOI);2


Dissipation of economic benefits from commercial harvest of the multispecies groundfish resource in U.S. waters off New England was estimated from dynamic optimization of empirical bioeconomic models. Net economic value could be maximized by an estimated 70% reduction in fishing effort, resulting in a sevenfold increase in the size of the harvestable resource and a threefold increase in sustainable yield, Under these conditions, fishers, seafood industries, and consumers could benefit from an estimated US$150 million increase in sustainable net economic value each year, including about $130 million in resource rent. Consumers in the region could profit further from the nutritional and health benefits of up to an additional 6 Ib of fresh fish per capita. Policies to achieve these benefits are highlighted. Augmenting state ownership of the resource with market transfers of individual effort or harvest quotas is preferred to open access, but common property or individual private property regimes are more likely to benefit society.

Was this content written or created while at USF?


Citation / Publisher Attribution

North American Journal of Fisheries Management, v. 13, issue 3, p. 437-449