Marine Science Faculty Publications

Influence of Particle Composition on Remote Sensing Reflectance and MERIS Maximum Chlorophyll Index Algorithm: Examples From Taihu Lake and Chaohu Lake

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Lakes, Remote sensing, Sea measurements, Oceans, Image color analysis, Indexes, Atmospheric measurements

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Using data collected from two eutrophic lakes located in eastern China (Taihu Lake, 2330 km 2 and Chaohu Lake, 760 km 2 ), the influence of variable particle composition on remote sensing reflectance (Rrs, in sr -1 ) properties and on the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) maximum chlorophyll index (MCI) algorithm for estimating near-surface chlorophyll-a concentrations (Chla, in μg · L -1 ) is demonstrated. Although separated by a distance of only ~200 km, the two lakes showed dramatic differences in particle composition, with Taihu Lake dominated by inorganic particles and Chaohu Lake dominated by organic particles. Such differences led to variable Rrs spectral slopes in the red and near-IR bands and perturbations to the MCI algorithm. A modified MCI algorithm (MCIT) was then developed to reduce the impact of turbidity caused by inorganic particles. Root-mean-square errors in Chla retrievals decreased from 129.5% to 43.5% when using this new approach compared with the MCI algorithm in Taihu Lake for Chla ranging between ~5 and 100 μg · L -1 . Application of this approach to other turbid water bodies, on the other hand, requires validation and possibly further tuning.

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IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, v. 12, issue 6, p. 1170-1174