Hard Rock Landforms Generate 130 km Ice Shelf Channels through Water Focusing in Basal Corrugations
Cryospheric science, Palaeoclimate
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Satellite imagery reveals flowstripes on Foundation Ice Stream parallel to ice flow, and meandering features on the ice-shelf that cross-cut ice flow and are thought to be formed by water exiting a well-organised subglacial system. Here, ice-penetrating radar data show flow-parallel hard-bed landforms beneath the grounded ice, and channels incised upwards into the ice shelf beneath meandering surface channels. As the ice transitions to flotation, the ice shelf incorporates a corrugation resulting from the landforms. Radar reveals the presence of subglacial water alongside the landforms, indicating a well-organised drainage system in which water exits the ice sheet as a point source, mixes with cavity water and incises upwards into a corrugation peak, accentuating the corrugation downstream. Hard-bedded landforms influence both subglacial hydrology and ice-shelf structure and, as they are known to be widespread on formerly glaciated terrain, their influence on the ice-sheet-shelf transition could be more widespread than thought previously. Subglacial landforms, formed by glacial processes operating over long timescales, influence ice dynamics. Here, the authors show how mega-scale landforms at an Antarctic ice stream grounding zone modulate basal water flow, causing extensive channels in the ice shelf downstream that may impact its structure.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Nature Communications, v. 9, art. 4576
Scholar Commons Citation
Jeofry, Hafeez; Ross, Neil; Le Brocq, Anne; Graham, Alastair G. C.; Li, Jilu; Gogineni, Prasad; Morlighem, Mathieu; Jordan, Thomas; and Siegert, Martin J., "Hard Rock Landforms Generate 130 km Ice Shelf Channels through Water Focusing in Basal Corrugations" (2018). Marine Science Faculty Publications. 1525.