Marine Science Faculty Publications

Atmospheric Correction of Aisa Measurements Over the Florida Keys Optically Shallow Waters: Challenges in Radiometric Calibration and Aerosol Selection

Document Type


Publication Date



Airborne Imaging Spectrometer for Applications (AISA), airborne remote sensing, atmospheric correction (AC), MODTRAN, noise reduction, ocean color, vicarious calibration

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


An Airborne Imaging Spectrometer for Applications (AISA) hyperspectral imager was deployed on a manned aircraft flown at 1305-m altitude to collect data over optically shallow waters in the Florida Keys with the ultimate goal of mapping water quality and benthic habitats. As a first step, we developed a practical atmospheric correction (AC) approach to derive surface remote-sensing reflectance ((Rrs) from AISA measurements using radiative transfer simulations and constraints obtained from field spectral Rrs measurements. Unlike previously published method, the AC approach removes the surface Fresnel reflection and accounts for aircraft altitude and nonzero near-infrared (NIR) reflectance through iteration over the pre-established look-up tables (LUTs) based on MODTRAN calculations. Simulations and comparison with concurrent in situRrs measurements show the feasibility of the approach in deriving surface Rrs with acceptable uncertainties. The possibility of errors in the radiometric calibration of AISA is demonstrated, although a definitive assessment cannot be made due to lack of enough concurrent in situ measurements. The need for noise reduction and the difficulty in carrying out a vicarious calibration are also discussed to help advance the design of future AISA missions.

Citation / Publisher Attribution

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, v. 8, issue 8, p. 4189-4196