University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing


The emergence of mobile technology has changed the way humans behave and act. Learning behavior is an essential aspect that required investigation regarding this technology. Since its inception, mobile technology in the learning context has yet to receive enough attention. The idea of employing the least effort or least energy to fulfill a need is a crucial notion in mobile learning. The lazy user model illustrates that the user selects a fulfillment based on the identified user need, user state, and overall effort related to the use of technology. According to the model, the user will most often choose the solution that fulfills a need with the least effort. This paper aims to enrich research in this field and propose an initial framework that considers achieving learning outcomes by enabling learners’ engagement within the design characteristics of the mobile learning environment. The paper identifies existing shortcomings in the literature and paves the way for advanced research to better understand how mobile learners act based on the lazy user model to achieve mobile learning engagement.



Recommended Citation

Belkhamza, Z. (2021). The learner’s engagement and mobile learning environment: A proposal of an integrated model. In W. B. James, C. Cobanoglu, & M. Cavusoglu (Eds.), Advances in global education and research (Vol. 4, pp. 1–10). USF M3 Publishing. https://www.doi.org/10.5038/9781955833042

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



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