Lessons learned from occurrence of sinkholes related to man-made cavities in a town of southern Italy NCKRI Symposium 2: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst
NCKRI Symposium 2: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst
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University of South Florida
pg(s) 393-401 The presence of man-made cavities below the historical parts of towns is a common feature in large portions of Italy. Different typologies of anthropogenic cavities have been excavated in different epochs for many purposes, including research and collection of potable water, establishment of underground working sites for olive oil production, worship sites, etc. Underground quarries are probably the most diffuse typology of subterranean cavities, especially the largest ones. Originally located at the outskirts of towns, quarries are increasingly found in built up areas due to urban expansion that has characterized the last century. This paper describes the recent occurrence of sinkholes related to underground quarries in the town of Altamura, in the Murge plateau of inland Apulia, where since 2006 a number of sinkholes have formed above subterranean calcarenite quarries, the local rock mostly used for building purposes. These quarries developed below ground because the calcarenite is generally located covered by clays (ranging in thickness from a few to 15 meters). Their abandonment, and the progressive weathering of the rock, has caused failures in the underground quarries. Eventually, such instabilities propagated upward until reaching the surface, and producing sinkholes. Many sinkholes in Altamura have occurred within the urban area, and/or in areas of recent or proposed future constructions. As a result, in 2008 the local Authority established a new building code, requiring detailed geological studies in areas determined to be at risk in order to verify and mitigate any hazardous situations. A great amount of data has been collected in these studies in recent years, which has been organized and managed in a dedicated geo-database. All activities used to identify the underground quarries, recognize the corresponding sinkhole-prone areas at the surface, survey the cavities, produce detailed maps, and reclaim the sites in order to allow future development, are described in this paper, as an example of how to properly manage a territory characterized by sinkhole problems. Open Access - Permission by Publisher See Extended description for more information.
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Pepe, Pietro; Pentimone, Nunzia; Garziano, Giuditta; Martimucci, Vincenzo; and Parise, Mario, "Lessons learned from occurrence of sinkholes related to man-made cavities in a town of southern Italy NCKRI Symposium 2: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst" (2013). KIP Talks and Conferences. 74.