Alternative Title

Hydrogeology, Ecology, Monitoring and Management of Ground Water in Karst Terranes



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National Ground Water Association

Publication Date

January 1991


Ground Water Management Book 10 of the Series Proceedings of the Third Conference on Hydrogeology, Ecology, Monitoring and Management of Ground Water in Karst Terranes, December 4-6, 1991, Maxwell House Clarion, Nashville, Tennessee. Abstract: The 1991 Karst Conference was comprised of 2 days of technical presentations and a day-long field trip. A total of 46 papers were presented at the meeting. Sessions were devoted to the following topis: Ground Water Modeling and Hydrogeology, Site Characterization, Geophysical and Other Techniques for Studying Karst Aquifers, Hydrogeology and Processes Occurring in Karst Aquifers, Case Histories, Ecology of Caves and Karst Terranes, Ground Water Monitoring, Emergency Response and Ground-Water Management, Ground Water Management. The meeting was co-sponsored by the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Association of Ground Water Scientists and Engineers (a division of NGWA). Keynote AddressProtecting Ground-Water in Karst Terranes: An EPA Priority for Action / LaJuana S. Wilcher Invited Lecture: Groundwater Modeling in Karst Terranes: Scale Effects, Data Acquisition and Field Validation / Georg Teutsch and Martin Sauter. Session I: Ground Water Modeling and Hydrogeology: Assessment of Hydraulic Conductivity in a Karst Aquifer at Local and Regional Scale / Martin Sauter -- Approach for Delineating the Contributing Areas of a Well Field in a Carbonate-Valley Aquifer / Gary J. Barton and Dennis W. Risser -- Effects of Quarry Dewatering on a Karstified Limestone Aquifer:A Case Study from the Mendip Hills, England/ A.J. Edwards, S.L. Hobbs, and P.L. Smart. Session II: Site Characterization: Approaches to Hydrogeologic Assessment and Remediation of Hydrocarbon Contamination in Clay-Covered Karsts with Shallow Water Tables / Tony Cooley -- Application of Dye-Tracing Techniques for Characterizing Groundwater Flow Regimes at the Fort Hartford Mine Superfund Site, Olaton, Ohio Co., Kentucky / Nicholas C. Crawford and Ginny L. Gray -- Ground Water Monitoring in Unsaturated and Saturated Zones at a Site with Paleocollapse Structure / Richard Benson, Lynn Yuhr and Allen W. Hathaway . Luncheon LectureChairman Mao's Great Leap Forward and the Deforestation Ecological Disaster in the South China Karst Belt / Peter W.Huntoon. Session III: Geophysical and Other Techniques for Studying Karst Aquifers: Electrochemistry of Natural Potential Processes in Karst / K.T. Kilty and A.L. Lange -- Natural-Potential Responses of Karst Systems at the Ground Surface / Arthur L.Lange and Kevin T. Kilty -- Water Temperature Variation in Springs in the Knox Group near Oak Ridge, Tennessee / Gareth J. Davies -- The Effect of Petroleum Hydrocarbons on the Sorption of Fluorescent Dyes by Activated Coconut Charcoal / Scott A. Recker, Michael J. Carey and Joe Meiman -- Continuous-Flow Fluorometry in Ground Water Tracing / C. C. Smart and S-E. Lauretzen -- Development of a Flow-Through Filter Fluorometer for use in Quantitative Dye Tracing at Mammoth Cave National Park / Martin Ryan. Session IV: Hydrogeology and Processes Occurring in Karst Aquifers: Stable Isotope Separation of Spring Discharge in a Major Karst Spring, Mitchell Plain, Indiana, U.S.A. / Barbara L. Gruver and Noel C. Krothe -- The Transmission of Light Hydrocarbon Contaminants in Limestone (Karst) Aquifers / Ralph O. Ewers, Anthony J. Duda, Elizabeth K. Estes, Peter J. Idstein and Katherine M. Johnson. -- Velocities of Piezometzic Waves Induced by Pumping in Karstic Aquifers / Claude Drogue -- Solution Mining and Resultant Evaporite Karst Development in Tully Valley, New York / Paul A. Rubin, John C. Ayers and Kristin A. Grady Session V: Case HistoriesHydrogeology and Ground Water Monitoring of an Ash Disposal Site at a Coal-fired Power Plant in a Karst System / Shelley A. Minns, Arsin M. Sahba, Lyle V.A. Sendlein, James C. Currens and James S. Dinger / Development of a Monitoring Program at a Superfund Site in a Karst Terrane near Bloomington, Indiana / Michael R. McCann and Noel C. Krothe -- Heterogeneity in Carbonate Aquifers: Effects of Scale, Fissuration, Lithology and Karstification / P.L. Smart, A.J. Edwards and S.L. Hobbs -- Caustic Waste Contamination of Karstic Limestone Aquifers in Two Areas of Jamaica / Basil P. Fernandez -- The Interaction of Flow Mechanics and Aqueous Chemistry in a Texas Hill Country Grotto / Barbara Mahler and Phillip Bennett -- The Oronoco Landfill Dye Trace III: Results from a Superfund Remedial Investigation in a Glaclated, Diffuse-flow Karst / E. Calvin Alexander Jr., Scott C. Alexander, Barbara J. Huberty, and James F. Quinlan / Deducing Karst Aquifer Recharge, Storage and Transfer Mechanism through Continuous Electronic Monitoring: A Confirmation with Tracers / PeterJ. Idstein and Ralph O. Ewers -- Petroleum Hydrocarbon Remediation of the Subcutaneous Zone of a Karst Aquifer, Lexington, Kentucky / Scott A. Recker -- Correction of Background Interference and Cross-Fluorescence in Filter Fluorometric Analysis of Water-Tracer Dyes / C. C. Smart and P. L. Smart. Session VI: Ecology of Caves and Karst TerranesAssessing Ground Water Quality in Caves using Indices of Biological Integrity / Thomas L. Poulson -- The Use of Benthic Macroinveztebratee for Assessing the Impact of Class V Injection Wells on Carbonate Ground Waters / Albert E. Ogden, Ronald K. Redman and Teresa L. Brown Session VII: Ground Water MonitoringThe Response of Landfill Monitoring Wells in Limestone (Karst) -- Aquifers to Point Sources and Non Point Sources of Contamination / Ralph O. Ewers -- Development of an ASTH Standard Guide for the Design of Ground Water Monitoring Systems in Karst and other Fractured Rock Terranes / Michael R. McCann and James F. Quinlan -- Ground Water Remediation May Be Achievable in some Karst Aquifers that are Contaminated, but it Ranges from Unlikely to Impossible in Most: I. Implications of Long-Term Tracer Tests for Universal Failure in Goal Attainment by Scientists, Consultants, and Regulators / James F. Quinlan and Joseph A. Ray Session VIII: Emergency Response and Ground-Water Management: The Use of Groundwater-Level Measurements and Dye Tracing to Determine the Route of Groundwater Flow iron a Hazardous Waste Site in an Area of Karst in Hardin County, Kentucky /C. Britton Dotson, Nicholas C. Crawford and Mark J. Rigatti -- Recommended Administrative / Regulatory Definition of Karst Aquifer, Principles for Classification of Carbonate Aquifers, Practical Evaluation of Vulnerability of Karst Aquifers, and Determination of Optimum Sampling Frequency at Springs / James F. Quinlan, Peter L. Smart, Geary M. Schindel, E. Calvin Alexander Jr., Alan J. Edwards and A. Richard Smith -- Legal Tools for the Protection of Ground Water in Karst Terranes / Gary A. Davis and James F. Quinlan . Session IX: Ground Water ManagementKarst Geology and Ground Water Protection Law / Joseph A. Fischer, Robert J. Canace and Donald H. Monteverde -- Analysis of DRASTIC and Wellhead Protection Methods Applied to a Karst Setting / Lyle V.A. Sendlein -- Land Use Planning and Watershed Protection in Karst Terranes / Paul A. Rubin -- Use of Dyes for Tracing Ground Water: Aspects of Regulation / James F. Quinlan -- The Effects of Recharge Basin Land-Use Practices on Water Quality at Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky / Joe Meiman -- The Sinkhole Collapse of the Lewiston, Minnesota, Waste Water Treatment Facility Lagoon / Nancy 0. Jannik, E. Calvin Alexander and Lawrence J. Landherr -- Erosion and Sedimentation Control Methodologies for Construction Activities over the Edwards Aquifer in Central Texas / Hank B. Smith -- Case Histories of Several Approaches to Stormwater Management in Urbanized Karst Terrain, Southwest Missouri / Wendell L. Earner and Patricia Miller -- Contamination Investigation in a Karst Region / James E. Bentkowski. 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