GIS applied to bioarchaeology: An example from the Río Talgua Caves in Northeast Honduras


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Journal of Cave and Karst Studies

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The presence of human skeletal remains in caves is a common phenomenon throughout the world. In an effort to preserve these remains, researchers often document the material in situ. The application of a geographic information system (GIS) in combination with a flexible recording system provides an efficient means of recording the context of the burial or ossuary. Two caves, La Cueva del Rio Talgua and Cueva de las Araǹas, in eastern Honduras, provide a case study for the application of a GIS to human skeletal remains from cave environments. A GIS-based investigation offers the ability to visualize the relationships and context of the ossuary. It also provides a means to estimate specific population parameters, such as the minimum number of individuals and the Lincoln Index.

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