Upper Paleolithic raw material economies at Üçağızlı cave, Turkey


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Publication Date

December 2004


This paper addresses variation in lithic raw material economy within the early Upper Paleolithic at Ucagizli cave (south-central Turkey). The stratigraphic sequence documents some 12,000 years of the early Upper Paleolithic, entailing changes in lithic technology, raw material exploitation, and game use. Although the same lithic raw materials were exploited throughout the sequence to make quite similar ranges of products, there are marked changes in the ways raw materials from different source areas were treated, including patterns of transport and raw material consumption. The concept of technological provisioning is used to understand changing strategies for procuring and managing supplies of flint from different source locations. Shifts in raw material economy are argued to represent responses to changes in residential mobility and the scale/duration of occupations at the cave itself: data on cultural features and foraging strategies provide independent evidence for these shifts in land use. Results have implications for more nuanced approaches to investigating of lithic raw material economies and the significance of “raw material transfers.”


Upper Paleolithic, Üçağızlı Cave, Turkey, Raw Materials

Document Type



Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, Vol. 23, no. 4 (2004-12-01).