Technological successions in the Middle Stone Age sequence of Diepkloof Rock Shelter, Western Cape, South Africa
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The southern African MSA comprises a series of phases of unique technological innovations that fuel current models on the evolutionary processes of Anatomically Modern Humans. However, the nature and variability of these technological phases remain poorly documented. This study reports on the previously unpublished sequence of Diepkloof Rock Shelter (South Africa) and investigates the main technological changes therein, particularly emphasizing the emergence, succession and disappearance of the Still Bay (SB) and the Howiesons Poort (HP). We argue for technological change that occurred at different rates and under the influence of variable driving factors. Our model implies that the SB and the HP are not related to the influx of new populations but have regionally specific origins. Unlike the other techno-complexes, the HP at Diepkloof is subdivided into different phases (Early, Intermediate and Late) but only the upper phases resemble the so-called “classic” HP. Finally, the technological sequence of Diepkloof questions the homogeneous picture which has been so far assumed for the southern African MSA and places emphasis on the importance of exploring long regional sequences.
Middle Stone Age, Anatomically Modern Humans, Upper Pleistocene, Lithic Technology, Still Bay, Howiesons Poort
Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 40, no. 9 (2019-09-01).
Porraz, Guillaume; Texier, Pierre-Jean; Archer, Will; Piboule, Michel; Rigaud, Jean-Philippe; and Tribolo, Chantal, "Technological successions in the Middle Stone Age sequence of Diepkloof Rock Shelter, Western Cape, South Africa" (2019). KIP Articles. 5151.