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The main aim of this book is to provide an introduction to the most relevant investigation methods and techniques that can be used to study karst hydrogeological systems, including modern approaches to interpreting and modelling the data obtained. Studying karst aquifers is not only scientifically challenging, but it is also important for humanity. Ford & Williams (1989) estimated that 25% of the world’s population drink water from such resources. Although this number is probably an over-estimate, karst groundwater constitutes a crucial freshwater resource for many countries, regions and cities around the world. At the same time, karst aquifers are commonly highly vulnerable to contamination and are impacted by a wide range of human activities (Drew & Hötzl 1999). Bakalowicz (2005) noted that karst waters are often avoided as a resource if possible because of the perceived difficulties in exploitation and their high vulnerability. For example, around the Mediterranean, karst water resources are still under-exploited, and huge quantities of potential drinking water drain via submarine springs into the sea, even in regions with a shortage of freshwater. However, karst waters can be developed if general rules, specific to karst, are followed. The techniques presented in this book can assist in better exploiting and protecting these resources.
Karst Hydrogeological Systems, Karst Aquifers, Drinking Water
Karst Hydrogeological Systems; Karst Aquifers; Drinking Water
Goldscheider, Nico and Drew, David, "Speleological investigations" (2007). KIP Articles. 4806.