Title

Shells and ochre in Middle Paleolithic Qafzeh Cave, Israel: indications for modern behavior

Files

Link to Full Text

Download Full Text

Publication Date

March 2009

Abstract

Qafzeh Cave, the burial grounds of several anatomically modern humans, producers of Mousterian industry, yielded archaeological evidence reflecting their modern behavior. Dated to 92 ka BP, the lower layers at the site contained a series of hearths, several human graves, flint artifacts, animal bones, a collection of sea shells, lumps of red ochre, and an incised cortical flake. The marine shells were recovered from layers earlier than most of the graves except for one burial. The shells were collected and brought from the Mediterranean Sea shore some 35 km away, and are complete Glycymeris bivalves, naturally perforated. Several valves bear traces of having been strung, and a few had ochre stains on them.

Notes

Science, Vol. 56, no. 3 (2009-3).

Keywords

Shell Beads, Modern Humans, Glycymeris Insubrica

Description

RDA

Subject: topical

Shell Beads; Modern Humans; Glycymeris Insubrica

Type

Article

Genre

serial

Identifier

SFS0073368_00001

Share

COinS