Title

Sequential Incisions on a Cave Bear Bone from the Middle Paleolithic of Pešturina Cave, Serbia

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Publication Date

January 2018

Abstract

We present the detailed analysis of a cervical vertebra from a cave bear, found at Pešturina cave, Serbia, in a Mousterian archaeological level dated by radiocarbon at 43.5–44.6 kyr cal BP, and by ESR to between 93.5 and 102.5 kyr BP. Identified as a portion of the cranial articular facet, the fragment displays ten subparallel grooves. The microscopic study of these grooves and other surface modification present on the bone fragment, conducted with multifocus optical and confocal microscopes and complemented by a taphonomic analysis of the associated faunal assemblage, supports the hypothesis that the incisions were made by humans. Results are used to critically examine ambiguities implicit in the analysis and interpretation of early engravings, a category of material culture that has been playing a key role in the identification of early instances of symbolically mediated behavior.

Notes

Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, Vol. 25, no. 1 (2018).

Keywords

Engravings, Neanderthals, Mousterian, Taphonomy, Early Graphic Expressions, Symbolism

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RDA

Subject: topical

Engravings; Neanderthals; Mousterian; Taphonomy; Early Graphic Expressions; Symbolism

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Article

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serial

Identifier

SFS0071257_00001

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