Predicting travel times and transport characterization in karst conduits by analyzing tracer-breakthrough curves
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This paper analyzes data obtained in 26 tracer tests carried out in 11 karstic connections following solutional conduits in karst aquifers in the Basque Country. These conduits are preferential drainage pathways in these aquifers and so they confer a marked anisotropy and high vulnerability to them. Consequently, their consideration in protection and management studies and projects is a priority. The connections studied cover a wide hydrogeological spectrum (a wide range of sizes, slopes, geomorphic and hydrologic types) and the tests have been carried out at different hydrodynamic states. It is noteworthy that they all follow a similar trend, which has allowed for the development of a statistical approximation for the treatment of the whole information. Relationships have been established involving velocity, solute time of arrival, attenuation of peak concentration and time of passage of tracer cloud. These relationships are a valuable tool for management and supporting decision-making and allow for making estimates in connections in which the information available was scarce. This information is especially useful, given that the complexity of transport in karst conduits gives way to important deviations between real data (empirical observations) and the data obtained by simple approaches based on the Fickian-type diffusion equation.
Karst Conduits, Tracer-Breakthrough Curves, Transport Characterization, Travel Times
Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 334, no. 1-2 (2006-11-29).
Morales, Tomás; Fdez. de Valderrama, Iñigo; and Uriarte, Jesús A., "Predicting travel times and transport characterization in karst conduits by analyzing tracer-breakthrough curves" (2006). KIP Articles. 4323.