Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. Part 14. Bat fauna of the Socotra Archipelago, Yemen


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December 2017


A complete list of bat records available from the Socotra Archipelago was compiled from the literature and from new records, based on field studies and examination of museum specimens. The record reviews of the particular species are complemented with distribution maps, summaries of distributional status, notes on field data and on taxonomic status. From the Archipelago, at least 54 records of four bat species belonging to four families are known; viz. Rhinopoma cystops Thomas, 1903 (34 record sites), Rhinolophus clivosus Cretzschmar, 1828 (6), Asellia italosomalica De Beaux, 1931 (9), and Hypsugo lanzai Benda, Al-Jumaily, Reiter et Nasher, 2011 (5). While the latter three species are known only from the island of Socotra, R. cystops was documented also from two other larger islands, Abd El Kuri and Samha. The Socotran populations of R. clivosus were found to be morphologically and genetically unique and therefore are here described as a separate subspecies, Rhinolophus clivosus socotranus subsp. nov.


Distribution, Ecology, Taxonomy, Rhinopomatidae, Rhinolophidae, Hipposideridae, Vespertilionidae, Socotra, Yemen, Middle East, Palaeartic, Afrotopics

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