Modeling Barton Springs Segment of the Edwards Aquifer Using MODFLOW-DCM
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The Barton Springs segment of the Edwards Aquifer is the sole source of water supply for about 45,000 people in and immediately south of Austin, Texas. For water management purposes, it is important to be able to predict the availability of groundwater in response to future development and potential droughts. The Edwards Aquifer comprises heterogeneous carbonate rock strata that have developed a well-connected network of karst conduits. This karstic geological structure makes aquifer characterization and groundwater modeling challenging. Previously, Scanlon et al. (2001) developed a two-dimensional groundwater model for the Barton Springs segment using MODFLOW. The karst conduits were not explicitly represented in the model. Instead, the study area was divided into 9 zones for which the transmissivities were obtained through calibration. We revisit Scanlon et al.'s work in this study by using MODFLOW-DCM, a MODFLOW module developed to represent flow through karstic aquifers. MODFLOW-DCM adopts a dual-conductivity approach in which the aquifer is conceptualized as being composed of two interacting flow systems, i.e., the background matrix and the karst conduits. This approach allows karst aquifers to be modeled as coupled systems, and thus allows aquifer dynamics related to karst conduit flows to be accurately simulated. Our preliminary results show improved matching of both water level measurements and spring discharges records.