Gorham's Cave, Gibraltar—The persistence of a Neanderthal population
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The stratigraphy of the late Neanderthal occupation of Gorham's Cave, Gibraltar, between 33 and 24 ka BP, the latest known site of Neanderthal occupation, is discussed. Level IV at Gorham's Cave exclusively records Neanderthal occupation and is characterised by Mousterian technology and a sequence of 22 AMS dates. The overlying Level III is Upper Palaeolithic, and the earliest diagnostic culture is the Solutrean at around 18.5 ka BP. A dating interval of over four thousand years separates these two horizons. The ecological and bioclimatic characteristics of the site are considered as an explanation for the late survival of the Neanderthals in the region.
Neanderthals, Caves, Excavations (Archaeology), Europe, Gibraltar
Volume 181, Issue 1 8 p.
Finlayson, Clive; Fa, Darren A.; Jiménez Espejo, Francisco; Carrión, Jóse S.; Finlayson, Geraldine; Giles Pacheco, Francisco; Rodríguez Vidal, Joaquín; Stringer, Chris; and Martínez Ruiz, Francisca, "Gorham's Cave, Gibraltar—The persistence of a Neanderthal population" (2008). KIP Articles. 2207.