Dynamic Substrate for the Physical Encoding of Sensory Information in Bat Biosonar
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Horseshoe bats have dynamic biosonar systems with interfaces for ultrasonic emission (reception) that change shape while diffracting the outgoing (incoming) sound waves. An information-theoretic analysis based on numerical and physical prototypes shows that these shape changes add sensory information (mutual information between distant shape conformations increase the number of resolvable directions of sound incidence, and improve the accuracy of direction finding. These results demonstrate that horseshoe bats have a highly effective substrate for dynamic encoding of sensory information.
Animal Behavior, Neural Information, Sound Detection, Sound Generation
Physical Review Letters, Vol. 118, no. 158102 (2017-04-11).
Müller, R.; Gupta, A. K.; and Zhu, H., "Dynamic Substrate for the Physical Encoding of Sensory Information in Bat Biosonar" (2017). KIP Articles. 1622.