The early Lateglacial re-colonization of Britain: new radiocarbon evidence from Gough's Cave, southwest England
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Gough's Cave is still Britain's most significant Later Upper Palaeolithic site. New ultrafiltered radiocarbon determinations on bone change our understanding of its occupation, by demonstrating that this lasted for only a very short span of time, at the beginning of the Lateglacial Interstadial (Greenland Interstadial 1 (GI-1: Bølling and Allerød)). The application of Bayesian modelling to the radiocarbon dates from this, and other sites from the period in southwest England, suggests that re-colonization after the Last Glacial Maximum took place only after 14,700 cal BP, and is, therefore, more recent than that of the Paris Basin and the Belgian Ardennes. On their own, the radiocarbon determinations cannot tell us whether re-colonization was synchronous with, just prior to, or after, Lateglacial warming. Isotopic studies of humanly-modified mammalian tooth enamel may be one way forward.
Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 28, no. 19-20 (2009-09-01).
Gough's Cave, Britain, Later Upper Palaeolithic
Gough's Cave, Britain; Later Upper Palaeolithic
Jacobi, R.M. and Higham, T.F.G., "The early Lateglacial re-colonization of Britain: new radiocarbon evidence from Gough's Cave, southwest England" (2009). KIP Articles. 1511.