Title

Double-peaked breakthrough curves as a consequence of solute transport through underground lakes: a case study of the Furfooz karst system, Belgium

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Publication Date

September 2017

Abstract

The existence of double-peaked breakthrough curves (BTC), which are the result of the transport of a dye tracer through underground lakes, is reported. Investigations were undertaken on the Furfooz karst system in southern Belgium. In this system, the River Lesse sinks partially into a swallow hole. The water follows a solitary conduit leading to an underground lake that is directly connected to a second underground lake. Double-peaked BTCs were detected in the resurgent water, downstream of this second lake. The report first describes field data (tracer tests in various hydrologic conditions) which point towards the double peak being linked to a nonlinear process that originates within the lakes. Complementary investigations within the lakes show a complex behavior of the dye tracer related to a specific hydrodynamic feature that leads to the separation of the solute plume. A conceptual model of the solute transport within the lakes is proposed. This model emphasizes the physical effect of the lakes on the dye flow-through process.

Notes

Hydrogeology Journal, Vol. 26, no. 2 (2017-09-26).

Keywords

Karst, Tracer Tests, Double-Peaked Breakthrough Curve, Underground Lake, Belgium

Description

RDA

Subject: topical

Karst; Tracer Tests; Double-Peaked Breakthrough Curve; Underground Lake; Belgium

Type

Article

Genre

serial

Identifier

SFS0055945_00001

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