Terrestrial subterranean diversity in non-karstic Archaean rock terrains Terrestrial subterranean diversity in non-karstic Archaean rock terrains: another Aladdin's Cave opening in the Pilbara region of Western Australia
Terrestrial subterranean diversity in non-karstic Archaean rock terrains: another Aladdin's Cave opening in the Pilbara region of Western Australia
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Subterranean Ecology, Scientific Environmental Services
Until recently most terrestrial troglobites in Australia were known only from large (macro-) caves developed, predominantly, in karstified carbonate rocks, and less commonly from lava tubes developed in basalt. Excepting a few isolated earlier reports, and despite the accumulated evidence from other countries, there had been little searching for troglofauna in smaller (meso-) cave habitats developed in non-karstic rock terrains. This situation changed abruptly a few years ago when diverse communities of short range endemic terrestrial troglobites were discovered during routine stygofauna sampling in Tertiary channel iron deposits in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. This discovery (described elsewhere this symposium), triggered a spate of troglofauna surveys instigated for pre-mining environmental impact assessment. Here we report the discovery of diverse assemblages of terrestrial troglomorphic fauna occurring in Archaean ore-bearing rocks in the north and central Pilbara. The higher level systematic composition of the troglomorphic assemblages in the Pilbara includes arachnids (Araneae, Pseudoscorpionida, Schizomida, Palpigrada), insects (Diplura, Thysanura, Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Blattodea), myriapods (diplopoda, chilopoda) and isopods. The richness of troglomorphic species recorded at some localities (12 to 26 species) is comparable to, or exceeds, that recorded from the most intensively surveyed karst localities and lava caves in Australia. In the Archaean ore-bearing rocks, secondary porosity is developed by tectonic, mineralisation and/or weathering processes, and provides prospective habitat for troglofauna. Examination of diamond drill cores shows air-filled fractures and meso-caverns extending many metres below ground level, while regolith and colluvium may provide additional shallow subsurface habitats analogous to the milleu souterrain superficial that harbours diverse troglofaunas outside Australia. The limited sampling at just a few localities to date has confirmed that the arid Pilbara region harbours a significant diversity of troglofauna, and like stygofauna, this poses research and conservation challenges in the face of increasing demand for mine developments. -- Authors Open Access - Permission by Publisher See Extended description for more information.
Australia, Biology, Cave Ecology
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Biology; Cave Ecology
Bell, Peter; Eberhard, Stefan; Mould, T.; Muirhead, Katherine; and Stevens, N., "Terrestrial subterranean diversity in non-karstic Archaean rock terrains Terrestrial subterranean diversity in non-karstic Archaean rock terrains: another Aladdin's Cave opening in the Pilbara region of Western Australia" (2008). KIP Abstracts. 18.