Author Biography

Victor H. Sundquist is currently serving as a Lieutenant Colonel at the United States Army School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS). He has served in the Armed Forces for more than 24 years both as an enlisted soldier in the 7th Infantry Division and as a commissioned officer in multiple worldwide units. He has deployed on missions throughout the world to include Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, Operation NEW DAWN, and Operation ENDURING FREEDOM. He has served as a Brigade G-2 for 1st Calvary's Military Transitional Teams in Northern Iraq, CENTCOM’s LNO to the Department of State in Basra, and ISAF’s Chief Theatre Security Officer in Afghanistan. He is a 1995 graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point and holds a Masters Degree from Henley-Putnam University.



Subject Area Keywords

Democracy and democatization, Diplomacy, Foreign policy, Governance and rule of law, History, International relations, Iran, Political violence, Social movements


The fundamental question of whether or not the Green Movement’s opposition leaders were successful in their attempts to change the political landscape in Iran first lies in understanding the premise behind the organization and secondly recognizing the actual goals of the leadership. Consequently, this article analyzes these questions as a framework for developing a comparative analysis between revolutions and civil rights movements as a means to understand both the intent and outcomes of the Green Movement. From this analysis, lessons learned are put forth as a means to establish a series of recommendations for future Western political engagements with Iran. In doing so, the hope is that a political dialogue will emerge between Western governments that both alleviate the current tensions while also addressing security concerns in the region.