Author Biography

Vadym Chernysh holds a Ph.D. in law. He developed and teaches the author’s course “National Security” for master’s students in National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”. Currently Vadym Chernysh is also a Head of the Governing Council of Center for Security Studies “CENSS.”

From 2016 till 2019, was Minister for Temporarily Occupied Territories. In 2015-2016, he was a negotiator in the Minsk process for the peaceful settlement of the situation in the East of Ukraine (Trilateral Contact Group). He was a member of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine in 2007. Since 2010, he has been a member of the Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists (USA).

He has been a speaker at international forums, including: Aspen Security Forum (Aspen Institute, USA), Oslo Forum (Norway), Stockholm Forum on Peace and Development (SIPRI, Sweden), Fragility Forum (World Bank, USA) and others.



Subject Area Keywords

Counterintelligence, Europe and EU, Governance and rule of law, Homeland security, National security, Russia


The French statesman Count Mirabeau once said about then-state Prussia that it “is not a state that has an army, it is an army that has conquered the nation.”1 With some irony, we can apply this statement to the situation in modern Russia by modifying it in this way: Russia is not a state that has a security service; it is a security service that has been ruling the nation. Russian Federation as the successor of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), takes much from the latter in terms of the instruments and the means used by its security agency – the Federal Security Service or the FSB (Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti). Despite formally proclaiming a democracy, Russia has saved many of the USSR’s “best practices” in state governance, which cannot be considered genuinely democratic. In this article, we look at the FSB’s historical prerequisites and present-day legal bases for using its officers seconded to other government entities and conclude its role concerning Russia’s executive branch.

1 “Honoré-Gabriel-Riquetti de Mirabeau,” Drouot Group, accessed July 10, 2023, https://drouot.com/en/l/16525755--mirabeau-honore-gabriel-rique.