Author Biography

Nadav Morag is Professor of Security Studies and Chair of the Department of Security Studies at Sam Houston State University. He is the author of Comparative Homeland Security: Global Lessons, Wiley, 2018, and previously served as a Senior Director at Israel's National Security Council, where he developed recommendations for national security policy for the Prime Minister and Cabinet.



Subject Area Keywords

Asymmetric warfare, Conflict studies, Counterinsurgency, Counterterrorism, Irregular warfare, Israel, Palestine, War studies


This article analyzes the evolution of urban warfare tactics, technologies, and approaches in Israel. The article briefly addresses the nature and constraints of modern urban warfare, examines Israel’s early experience with urban warfare during the 1982 Lebanon War, and then describes and assesses the development of Israeli urban warfare in a range of wars and operations starting with Defensive Shield in the West Bank, then moving to the Second Lebanon War and then addressing a number of conflicts between Israel and Hamas in the Gaza Strip between 2007 and 2021. This article will also identify a few overarching trends in the evolution of Israeli urban warfare.


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