Author Biography

Dr. Louise Tumchewics is a visiting fellow in the Department of War Studies, King's College London. She is the editor and contributing author of Small Armies, Big Cities: Rethinking Urban Warfare.



Subject Area Keywords

Civil affairs, History, Military affairs, Stabilization and reconstruction


In the autumn of 1944, as the Allies moved through France and towards Germany, the city of Antwerp became a key logistics hub owing to its large, and for the time, modern port facilities. Owing to its strategic significance, it became a prime target for German V-1 and V-2 rocket strikes. In order to keep the population in the bombarded city, 1st Canadian Army Civil Affairs took on the challenge of Civil Defense to keep the population safe and the port operational.