Author Biography

Dr. John P. Sullivan is an honorably retired lieutenant with the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department, specializing in emergency operations, transit policing, counterterrorism, and intelligence. He is currently an Instructor in the Safe Communities Institute (SCI) at the Sol Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California and Senior Fellow at Small Wars Journal–El Centro. Sullivan received a lifetime achievement award from the National Fusion Center Association in November 2018 for his contributions to the national network of intelligence fusion centers. Sullivan participated in the Director of National Intelligence’s 2006 Summer Hard Problems Program (SHARP). He completed the CREATE Executive Program in Counter-Terrorism at the University of Southern California and holds a Bachelor of Arts in Government from the College of William and Mary, a Master of Arts in Urban Affairs and Policy Analysis from the New School for Social Research, and a PhD from the Open University of Catalonia. He can be reached at jpsullivan@smallwarsjournal.com.

Hal Kempfer is a retired Marine Corps officer (LtCol). A veteran of Operations Enduring Freedom, Iraqi Freedom, Cuba-Haiti Crisis of ’94, Desert Shield/Storm, the Cold War and the “War on Drugs,” he is a former Director of Intelligence (G/J-2) for the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade and CENTCOM’s Combined/Joint Task Force Consequence Management, and former Director of a joint/interagency fusion center aboard Camp Pendleton, California. He has experience in a range of amphibious operations, as well as a background working with various maritime security agencies and services, along with extensive involvement with various military, civil and civil-military “fusion center” programs. He holds a Master’s degree from Thunderbird School of Global Management, a Bachelor’s degree from Willamette University, and is a graduate of the Army’s Command and General Staff College, the Marine Corps Amphibious Warfare School and completed all academic curriculum of the Air War College, holding military officer specialties in intelligence, amphibious reconnaissance, infantry, and engineering.



Subject Area Keywords

History, National power, Strategy, War studies