Author Biography

Political scientist specialized in conflicts, Dr. Julien Théron holds a PhD in political philosophy with a thesis on intra- and intergroup troubles. His main interests are the dynamics of complex conflicts, below and above the threshold of violence. Besides a global approach, his main area of study is the greater European neighborhood. Dr. Théron started his career in policy (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense, European Union, United Nations). He also worked with think tanks and political movements. Global news networks have broadcasted his analyses, including CNN, NBC, AFP and France 24. His academic career brought him to the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Saint Joseph University of Beirut, the Universities of Versailles and Paris II Panthéon-Assas. Former Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Defence University College, he is Lecturer in conflict and security studies at Sciences Po.



Subject Area Keywords

Afghanistan, Al-Qaida, Armed groups, Asymmetric warfare, Civil war and internal conflict, Complex emergencies, Complex operations, Conflict studies, Counterinsurgency, Counterintelligence, Counterterrorism, Defense policy, Development and security, Espionage, Ethnic conflict, Europe and EU, Foreign internal defense, Foreign policy, Fundamentalism, Gangs and criminal organizations, Global trends and risks, Governance and rule of law, Homeland security, Identity, Information operations, Intelligence analysis, Intelligence collection, International institutions, International relations, International security, Iran, Iraq, Irregular warfare, Methodology, Middle East, Military affairs, National security, Networks and network analysis, Pakistan, Political violence, Radicalization, Regional conflict, Religious violence, Russia, Security management, Security policy, Security studies, Small wars and insurgencies, Social media, Social movements, Sociocultural dynamics in security, Southeast Asia, Stability operations, Stabilization and reconstruction, Strategy, Taliban, Terrorism / counterterrorism, Threat assessment, Transnational crime, Violent extremism, War studies


The rapidly changing global security environment requires to constantly adapt our understanding of threats. The findings of this paper confirm that threats interact with each other on three levels. Security, conflict, war, and strategic studies converge to build a new qualitative theoretical framework for threat analysis. Shaping the global security environment, threats communicate on three levels. Firstly, the interconnection of agents with similar ideological and/or strategic motivations connects threats. Secondly, interaction exacerbates incidental threats through cooperation, competition, and convergence. Thirdly, intermediation occurs between antagonistic threats trying to achieve common intermediary objectives. These networks are driven by agents maximizing their impact and reveals the autonomization and socialization of threats. Tackling these networks requires a global approach and the mobilization of collective security.


A series of talks with authoritative scientific personalities such as Sir Lawrence Freedman, Frank G. Hoffman, Mark Galeotti, and Keir Giles has inspired this research. The author addresses his warm thanks to them.