Independent researcher, Ontario, Canada. Yukarimi@yahoo.com.
Department of Criminology and Security Science, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa, firstname.lastname@example.org
Department of Criminology and Security Science, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa, email@example.com.
Ph.D, Clinical Psychology, firstname.lastname@example.org
Department of Psychology, University of Ottawa, email@example.com
José M Andreu,
Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment I. Complutense University of Madrid, Spain. firstname.lastname@example.org
Adekunle G. Ahmed,
Division of Forensic Psychiatry and Division of Addiction and Mental Health, Ottawa, Canada. email@example.com.
Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Adjunct Assistant Professor, Queen’s University, Ontario, Canada & Honorary Professor University of South Africa (UNISA), Department of Criminology and Security Science, College of Law. email@example.com.
Subject Area Keywords
Fundamentalism, Ideology, International security, Political violence, Terrorism / counterterrorism, Violent extremism
The Assessment and Treatment of Radicalization Scale (ATRS) is designed to quantitatively measure Muslim extremists’ ideologies regarding risk areas that are reported in the literature. Utilizing the scale, in this study, using a convenience sample of 1769 from 10 countries (Australia, Canada, Egypt, India, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Spain, and South Africa) responded to the ATRS. Results supported previous findings about the reliability and validity of the Assessment and Treatment of Radicalization Scale (ATRS, formerly known as Belief Diversity Scale BDS, Loza, 2007) for assessing Muslim extremists. Suggested cut off scores to use for identifying possible extremists are provided.
The authors declared that they had no conflicts of interest with respect to their authorship or the publication of this article.
The authors wish to express their appreciation to the participants who were involved in this study.
Karimi, Yusef; Kholi, Adarsh; Hesselink, Ann-Mari; Prinsloo, Johan; Bhawanie, Stella; Andreu, José M; Ahmed, Adekunle G.; Loza, Wagdy; and Cimbura, Alexandra. "The Validity of the Assessment and Treatment of Radicalization Scale: A Psychometric Instrument for Measuring Severity of Extremist Muslim Beliefs." Journal of Strategic Security 14, no. 3 (2021)
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usf.edu/jss/vol14/iss3/2