Author Biography

Dr Kemp is a Professor of Strategic Security at National American University’s Henley-Putnam School of Strategic Security. Dr Kemp is a lifelong intelligence and national security professional, with military, industry and academic experience. Dr Kemp served for 28 years as an Air Force intelligence officer, with service in the Far East, Middle East, Europe and Latin America. He retired in the rank of Colonel after serving on the Air Staff as Deputy Director for Surveillance and Reconnaissance. Following a second career as a defense industry executive, Dr Kemp went on to focus his efforts on teaching, writing and consulting on defense matters. Dr Kemp holds a PhD in Organization and Management from Capella University, an MS in Systems Management from the University of California and a BA in Political Science from West Virginia University. He also attended the Intelligence and Policy Program at Harvard University’s JFK School of Government.



Subject Area Keywords

Complex operations, National security, Russia, War studies


Anti-Access/Area Denial (A2/AD) is a term that came into use to describe an environment in which an air and air defense force could use a combination of surface-launched ballistic missiles, surface and air launched cruise missiles and long-range surface-to-air missiles to prevent an opposing force from accessing or operating within a large airspace effectively. The descriptions and subsequent analyses of the penetrability of these environments often rests on assessments of the capabilities of just a few newly developed missiles and may fail to consider the additional complexity induced by the large array of the entire complement of air, land and sea launched missiles available to adversaries. This article will focus on Northern Europe as one example of the higher degrees of complexity that our air forces are likely to face should the need arise to fight and win in a 21st Century highly contested environment.


The views expressed in this paper represent the personal views of the author and are not necessarily the views of the Department of Defense or of the Department of the Air Force.