Author Biography

Chad M. Briggs, Ph.D. is Associate Professor of Public Policy and Director of Graduate Studies in the College of Business and Public Policy, University of Alaska Anchorage. He is also a Fellow at the Institute for Environmental Security in The Hague, and was previously on the faculty of Johns Hopkins University, RIT-Kosovo, and was the Minerva Professor and Chair of Energy and Environmental Security at Air University (USAF). Briggs has worked on environmental security since the 1990s, including as a senior advisor at the US Dept of Energy, and has specialized in post-conflict construction in the Balkans and cyber/hybrid warfare in Ukraine. He is author, with Miriam Matejova, of the book Disaster Security, and numerous articles on military and intelligence planning, environmental risk, public health, and cyber security.



Subject Area Keywords

Asymmetric warfare, Complex operations, Energy security, Environment, sustainability and security, Human trafficking, Humanitarian assistance, Intelligence analysis, Irregular warfare, Natural resources and security, Nonstate actors, Science and technology & security, Transnational crime


Concepts of hybrid warfare and climate security are contested on their own, and are rarely considered as connected in planning for future security risks. Yet climate change presents new hazards for national security, and opportunities for those looking to foment instability and uncertainty in traditional institutions. This article examines the connections between climate change risks and hybrid war strategies, and focuses on concepts of resilience targeting, information warfare, and geoengineering, illustrating that ‘full spectrum’ analyses of security are necessary in developing future security strategies.




My thanks to four anonymous reviewers and the editors for their comments and suggestions, and to Tracy Walstrom Briggs for her editing.